What are the important aspects of a data fabric architecture?

Posted by Marbenz Antonio on May 24, 2022

Data Fabric: An established imperative for the digital era | Hexaware

Organizations need a unique method that gives greater insights and business outcomes quicker without sacrificing data access restrictions to simplify data access and empower people to exploit trustworthy information. There are several techniques, but you’ll want one that can be used independently of your data estate. A data fabric is an architectural concept that allows enterprises to simplify data access and governance across a hybrid multi-cloud landscape for better 360-degree customer perspectives, improved MLOps, and trustworthy AI. In other words, the barriers to data access, data integration, and data security are reduced, giving end-users full flexibility.

Organizations do not have to relocate all of their data to a single location or data store using this method, nor do they have to embrace a decentralized approach. A data network architecture, on the other hand, involves a balance between what must be logically or physically dispersed and what must be centralized.

Because of this balance, the number of purpose-fit data storage that may participate in the data fabric ecosystem is not limited. This means you get a global data catalog with embedded governance that functions as an abstraction layer, one source of truth, and a single point of data access.

Six core capabilities are essential for a data fabric architecture:

  1. A knowledge catalog: This abstraction layer enables openness and cooperation by providing a shared business understanding of the data for 360-degree customer perspectives. The knowledge catalog functions as a store of data insights. The catalog includes a business vocabulary, taxonomies, data assets (data products) with important information such as quality ratings, business words connected with each data piece, data owners, activity information, linked assets, and more to help you understand your data.
  2. Automated data enrichment: You’ll require automated data stewardship services to build the knowledge catalog. These services include the ability to auto-discover and classify data, detect sensitive information, analyze data quality, link business terms to technical metadata, and publish data to the knowledge catalog. To manage such a massive volume of data within the company, intelligent services powered by machine learning are required.
  3. Self-service governed data access: With key governance capabilities such as data profiling, data preview, adding tags and annotations to datasets, coordinating in projects, and accessing data anywhere via SQL interfaces or APIs, these services enable users to quickly search, analyze, modify, and use data.
  4. Smart integration: Data integration skills are critical for extracting, consuming, streaming, virtualizing, and transforming data regardless of its location. Smart integration ensures data privacy by utilizing data rules designed to improve performance while minimizing storage and egress expenses. Each data pipeline receives protection.
  5. Data governance, security, and compliance: There is a unified and centralized approach to setting policies and rules with a data fabric. The capacity to automatically link these policies and regulations to various data assets via metadata, such as data classifications, business terms, user groups, roles, and more, is readily available. These policies and guidelines, which include data access restrictions, data privacy, data protection, and data quality, may then be implemented and enforced across all data during data access or data movement on a massive scale.
  6. Unified lifecycle: End-to-end lifecycle utilizing MLOps and AI to compose, construct, test, deploy, orchestrate, observe, and manage the many parts of the data fabric, such as a data pipeline.

These six important features of a data fabric architecture enable data citizens to utilize data more trustingly and confidently. Regardless of the type of data or where it resides — whether in a traditional data center or a hybrid cloud environment, in a traditional database or Hadoop, object store, or elsewhere — the data fabric architecture provides a simple and integrated approach to data access and use, empowering users with self-service and enabling enterprises to use data to maximize their value chain.


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